A term that refers to a theatre company established with a specific mandate to support the creation and production of theatre by and for people from a particular, often marginalized, cultural group. Culturally specific theatre companies are born out of a lack of representation and opportunities in mainstream theatre for artists who belong to specific cultural groups. Some of the earliest culturally specific theatre companies in Canada date back to the 1930s and earlier, with the most prominent current culturally specific companies including Obsidian Theatre, Buddies in Bad Times, vAct, Fu-GEN, Modern Times Stage Company, Black Theatre Workshop, b current, and many more.

Sources and Further Reading:

Akin, Philip. “Culturally Specific Theatre Groups Help Give Artists a Voice.”, 8 Mar. 2022,

Charlebois, Gaetan, and Anne Nothof. “Ethnic Theatre.” Canadian Theatre Encyclopedia, 20 Feb. 2020,

Amirkhani, Yasmine and Liam Lockhart-Rush. “Slideshow: Culturally Specific Theatre Companies.” Canadian Theatre Review, vol. 193, Winter 2023, Online Feature. In Publication.